Pigeon health

   Paddy rice (unhusked rice)

Paddy rice (unhusked rice) is freely available here in Sri Lanka and the birds seem to like it, but I don't use it often.
The husk is very rough and abrasive. Could this carry some risk of injury to the oesophagus and thus predispose towards canker, etc. Does paddy rice have prebiotic ingredients and, if so, what are these? Overall, would you recommend paddy as part of a pigeon feed mix?
The consumption of prebiotics (and probiotics) is necessary for a pigeon’s body to operate properly. Unhusked rice provides the pigeons with many essential trace minerals and B vitamins, which are important for the animals’ bodies and strengthen their immune systems. The nutritional components of unhusked rice - as prebiotics - help the good intestinal bacteria to multiply.
Prebiotics are foods or nutrients that are used by beneficial bowel bacteria (probiotics) and that can be added to the diet to increase the chances that these particular bacteria grow and thrive in the intestine; in other words, prebiotics are food for the probiotics.
However, do not give much unhusked, rough rice to parents in the rearing period. The hard, prickly seeds can injure the crop wall and pave the way for trichomonads. In the rearing period, the parents should have a few trichomonads in their crop. It is not useful for feed to contain much rough cereals grains, e.g. maize or unhusked rice or barley in the rearing period.
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